how to make alizarin crimson color
In the RGB color model #e32636 is comprised of 89.02% red, 14.9% green and 21.18% blue. Because alizarin crimson (or thalo red) is a staining hue, only add a tiny amount of it to your light red hue. Hi Linda; Happy to hear that my explanations are helpful…..love hearing that because that I what I intend to do. Add a half brush full of white and purple paint. The history of alizarin crimson begins with the madder plant. I’d love to find one go-to red, that is transparent, or semi. (From Wikipedia) Alizarin is a compound of many elements. Pigment: Synthetic 1:2 dihydroxyanthraquinone on alumina (PR 83), Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil Lightfastness III, Series 3, TRANSPARENT, SDS But then students discover that they struggle mixing with it. Hmmm, that does sound like the potential for mud. How did I find you and your blog? The Combo Library contains pages of alizarin crimson color combinations (a.k.a, color schemes and color palettes) for you to choose from. You are not a lover of reds? In CMYK, alizarin crimson contains 0% cyan, 83% magenta, 76% yellow, and 11% black. Alizarin is the main ingredient for the manufacture of the madder lake pigments known to painters as Rose madder and Alizarin crimson. Hardly. Is your main red (acrylics) Quinacridone Magenta? 4.8 out of 5 stars 1,287. Have you consulted with other painters? COLOR TIP: It is ALWAYS possible to dull or de-saturate a color, but it is not possible to take a desaturated color and make it saturated or brighter. So this paint still had the PR-83 Alizarin Crimson pigment in it and has the same lightfasteness of III, so not a good alternative. Sorry. 19th century “lake” color made by the fusing a dye on to a substrate. This is an excellent point to discuss just how manufacturer’s are dealing with the known fugitive nature of the original Alizarin crimson … I couldn’t make works like this without it: http://joeltraylor.com/2000-2002/#!enviragallery353-15. True William…color is like food and is very personal. Make your AZ our of another red. I do keep a small tube of Alizarin Crimson oil paint, for very sparing and judicious use; I agree it’s not a lot of use as a mixing colour. Apply Alizarin Crimson thinly and let the background come through. It took me years to embrace reds. Piled on thickly, it is very, very deep and rich. Colour psychology is an increasingly important part of logo choice and branding strategies. Alizarin or 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone is an organic compound with formula C 14H 4 that has been used throughout history as a prominent red dye, principally for dyeing textile fabrics. Pyrrole Red; strong, clean bright tomato red, but again, opaque. Glad that you have found me and that my explanation are easy to understand. The split-complementary colors are the two colors located on … Good reminders of info in the class I just took with you – which, by the way, continues to be a daily help. It is named after the organic dye alizarin, found in the madder plant, and the related synthetic lake pigment Alizarin Crimson. Thanks, Carol. Some makers offer a colour they call Permanent Alizarin – a bit of a misnomer, because it’s NOT Alizarin at all. Colours are the vital elements of visual language which people are conscious about. Much better than Alizarin Crimson and will last in normal lighting for 50- 100 years. Alizarin Crimson is a color. I do know that many artists do like alizarine and use it successfully. Retta; Your blog gave me info that nobody else had mentioned. Hence, I do not include it on my palette. Alizarin crimson: A dark, transparent, cool red with a slight tendency towards blue/purple. Perhaps another strike for not using it especially in lighter tints. In time most painters will settle on colors that are most meaningful for them and that it’s OK, not to have it on their palette. To make the result even more desirable, try adding some white paint to the mixture to neutralize the dark colors. Thank you for your comment. I love the extra shine the binder makes in the painting! I am so glad that m information has been helpful. Alizarin crimson paint was frequently used on Bob Ross' TV show, The Joy of Painting. Would I? Just speeding through a few comments, the following jump out at me – a) Alizarin crimson is fugitive, especially when mixed with white; b) in oil, it’s extremely oily – it has to be to make it workable, and that makes it useful really only for modifying colours like cobalt blue in some flesh tints, and as a glazing paint: the best one I’ve found (that is, using the genuine pigment, is Michael Harding’s oil: the greater strength of the colour offsets its habit of fading; c) the pigment described as Alizarin Crimson in acrylics isn’t genuine Alizarin Crimson at all, because the pigment isn’t compatible with acrylic resins; d) in watercolour, Alizarin Crimson and Rose Madder Genuine are alike of such low lightfastness that, useful though they may be, I’d never use them again. Click on a color combinations name to test it out. Just beautiful. A great skin tone base is yellow ochre/alizarin crimson. I have tried everything, and nothing really works. I am sure that you are not alone. I don’t use alizarin anymore, but I miss it. Thanks Cody. AND I now understand why it didn’t work for an area that I was wanting to make pop. http://joeltraylor.com/2000-2002/#!enviragallery353-15, http://dvqlxo2m2q99q.cloudfront.net/000_clients/134875/page/w400-13487514179DIJb.jpg, http://craftsy.com/ext/CarolMcIntyre_4990_F, Step-by-Step Painting Demos & Commissions. I guess it has it’s own niche for when I need it and it saves a step or two in mixing at least for me and furthermore I’m not trying to mix a violet, but a very dark warm black that I’ve used in deep shadows and it seems to fit the bill for my use. My first color classes were with only watercolor….FYI. Alizarin is a muddy red. The Combo Library contains pages of alizarin crimson color combinations (a.k.a, color schemes and color palettes) for you to choose from. Its transparent properties do have a role. Some of the magentas are a bit cleaner as you mentioned, but they often lean a little too close to the purple spectrum. I think I was just too unsure of how to control them, but now they add “jazz”, and I enjoy finding ways to use them. No, ’cause I like the results I get from it…, Tips for Photographing Your Pet for a Portrait, The resulting purple shows that alizarin mixes into a grayed purple, whereas the magenta (or a per, manent rose, red rose) mixes into a much cleaner purple. When I painted with watercolors permanent rose was my must have blue-red. Filed Under: Color Mixing, Tips & Concepts, Color Theory Made Easy Tagged With: Color Mixing, Color Theory, painting tips. Or maybe I need two, for that pinky side, and one for the org side?? As long as it’s used in moderation, it’s an essential mixing color on my palette, and I rarely if ever take it off. A synthetic pigment related to traditional rose madder. How to Use Color in Your Social Media Strategy, Impact of Colors on Classroom Environment, How your online store can use colours to win over more customers, Colour in relation to Printing – CMYK & PMS, What's New in Easter Egg Dye Colors and Techniques, Understand Color Psychology and Its Effects, Greenery Emerges as Pantone's New Color of the Year. That information was about desaturation which to me is important to know because it affects the way that I would use it in a painting. What color does crimson and black make? Similar Pantone Color name Information, Color Schemes, Light / Darkshades, Tones, Similar Colors , Preview the color and download Photoshop swatch and solid color background image I use Alizarin Crimson as the PRIMARY RED on the color wheel because it is a pure color that is perfect for its complementary color listed below.. Complementary. You can also darken a hue by adding a darker "staining" hue of the same family to it. Each color scheme contains the html color codes you will need when coding your website template. With Halloween right around the corner, it's time to think about the scary colors associated with this very popular seasonal event. You may have heard the terms CMYK full colour or PMS spot colour. I won’t let go of my alizarin crimson though. In oil it should be avoided when mixed with white or in thin glazes, because its impermanent. Pyrrol Crimson is a more permanent crimson red to replace fugitive Alizarine Crimson. Thanks for checking Debra….why not remove it from your palette all together? Speaking as an oil painter, I feel you have left out a couple of important considerations. However, I do know that we all see color differently. It’s certainly a useful colour, and the Permanent Alizarin isn’t an exact substitute – but I’d use it, or Quniacridone Violet/Permanent Rose, anyway. Cad Red Medium; more on the tomato red side but totally opaque. And because so many teachers insist on students using it without explaining its draw backs. Add to other reds to darken or deepen them. ). As mentioned earlier, the deep and rich color of crimson makes it an appealing element in art and design. The color alizarin crimson with hexadecimal color code #e32636 is a shade of pink-red. Glad you found a reliable AZ to use. Absolutely you can apply the same color principles to watercolor as well as all media. Don't add white to it as this will make it opaque and it will lose it's special appeal. Unfortunately many painters, especially innocent beginners, do not realize this hue characteristic. Get it as soon as Thu, Jan 14. I challenge you to try doing just that! Robin, that sounds frustrating. I was searching for information about alizarin Crimson. Thanks, Carol. Thanks for your story. Good for transparent glazing or washes as it will add depth without obscuring any details. I’ve finally begun to embrace reds in the last year or two. Hi Linda; I thought I had responded to your comment but my system says that I have not. This lesson shows you why and how to insure you are getting the color and results you expect. One should also be aware of the need to buy Alizarin Permanent, as the regular stuff can be quite fugitive, or, non-light-fast. Why is Mixing Gray so Important for Painters? Here is a related color mixing tip I like to share with my students. Alizarin Crimson is the synthetic analog of the colorant from the roots of the plant Rubia tinctorum and that in past centuries was used to make madder lakes. On its aggressive side, red can signify speed, blood and mindless actions. The course is reasonably priced and often they have sales. Ice blue? It’s a warm/pink complement that plays well against most other cool blues/grays. Also, if you do you like the slightly de-saturation of alizarin crimson, it can be created by adding a bit of green, its color opposite, to a more intense blue-red. I probably will not replace it when/if the tube ever runs out. Alizarin is the main ingredient for the manufacture of the madder lake pigments known to painters as Rose madder and Alizarin crimson. Could you toss it? Those are the reds I’ve settled on most now, too. I tested rose madder PY3 mixed with PR83. I also use Magenta- I read the article just to find out what you use as a substitute! Yes I know that AZ differs from brand to brand and that some are not light fast. When I was new to watercolor, I did like the fresh color that came out of the tube, but then became disappointment and frustrated because it did not dry to that initial color. For those who might be interested, here are some more technical descriptions of the color: The color alizarin crimson is what refers to a red dye made from the root of a plant, Rubia tinctorum or the common madder plant. If you are interested, I do have have a color mixing course on http://www.craftsy.com Even though it is taught using acrylics, the information does transfer to watercolor. Now I understand – because of the desaturation you spoke about – why she recommended it for a muted mottled background. Since I am a believer of the fewer tubes the better, it is easy to “mix” a de-saturated red from cleaner blue-reds. This link will take you to the Combo Tester, where you can view a larger version of each color palette. How to Make Crimson Paint Step 1. Your reasons to have it on your palette is exactly why I wrote the post. The History of Alizarin Crimson. Permanent Alizarin Crimson – DAT51 – to show you a base reference; Titanium White – DAT35 – to see the true underlying colours Gets confusing, doesn’t it…..? As you can tell, I like to challenge the status quo and want to encourage artists to try other blue reds. 88. Complementary or Opposite color for Alizarin crimson (#E32636) is #1CD9C9 and the nearest color name is Turquoise. I notice you refer to watercolours and oils, but not acrylics. http://craftsy.com/ext/CarolMcIntyre_4990_F. A great skin tone base is yellow ochre/alizarin crimson. It's called Alizarin Crimson. Heresy you say? We have our favorites and some we tolerate, while others we can’t even stomach. (Your point about brands and the integrity of the color is true about any tube of paint, no? … So I got it. Q magenta or just magenta are my favorite blue reds. This is great information. *Napthol Red Light was used to demonstrate the need to use the right “type” of red to make violet. Over in the Palette Talk forum we have been talking about testing watercolors and Permanent Alizarin crimson has come up several times. Don't add white to it as this will make it opaque and it will lose it's special appeal. Sorry for the delay. The resulting purple shows that alizarin mixes into a grayed purple, whereas the magenta (or a permanent rose, red rose) mixes into a much cleaner purple. Alizarin crimson paint was frequently used on Bob Ross' TV show, The Joy of Painting. The better choice is a neutral red such as Napthol Red. The complementary color sits on the opposite side of the color wheel. I use a glazing technique when making almost monochrome paintings with it. The hex codes can be found underneath each of the color swatches. Let me know what you think in the comment section below. They do work well together because they are related in hue and chroma. Alizarin Crimson contains 71.16% red, 11.91% green, and 16.93% blue in RGB. The colors will probably not look right yet. Each color scheme contains the html color codes you will need when coding your website template. By varying the colors a titch—a touch of more blue or a touch of more brown—you will end up with a cooler or a warmer black, respectively. But I have had many a student who tries to make a purple from AZ, hence one reason for writing this blog. . Thanks for your comments. The examples are red–cyan, green–magenta, and blue–yellow. For my orange red I often use pyrrole red light or cad red light. With the W&N appearing thicker and more opaque due to a higher pigment load I think. As a representational painter, I find a Good Alizarin to be essential as an excellent cool red in conjunction with my warmer red. In summer sun 6–8 weeks and winter sun 5–6 months so a lot better. If not, why? It works very well when you need to warm up shadows. LOL! It is named after the organic dye alizarin, found in the madder plant, and the related synthetic lake pigment alizarin crimson (PR83 in the Color Index). On the Combo Tester page you can use the 'Get the Image' dropdown option in order to grab the alizarin crimson color swatch. It is named after the organic dye alizarin, found in the madder plant, and the related synthetic lake pigment alizarin crimson (PR83 in the Color Index). LOL! If you could only pick two for that, which would you recommend? Alizarin crimson out of the tube should look very dark, almost black (not quite black, but very dark). I am new to oil painting and, yes, the teacher of my 1st class loved alizarin crimson. and thanks for commenting. The red-green-blue components are E3 (227) red, 26 (38) green and 36 (54) blue. If you are looking for colour schemes with particular color codes, simply enter those html colors into the search box. The reds and purples I mixed – saturated and de-saturated – were easy to achieve using my cleaner blue-red. Along with other highly recommended tubes of paint – cadmium yellow and ultramarine blue – art teachers continually and strongly instruct students to purchase alizarin crimson. 2 Oz Heavy Body Historical Hue Acrylic Paint Color: Alizarin Crimson Hue. Red is one of the most powerful colors in a sense that it draws attention better than most other hues. Here’s one of the painting series where I use it: http://dvqlxo2m2q99q.cloudfront.net/000_clients/134875/page/w400-13487514179DIJb.jpg. 1 Info 2 CSS 2.1 Color 2.2 Hex 2.3 RGB 2.4 RGBa 2.5 HSL … Great to know that the class continues to be of daily help. and if selling work, I think there’s a duty only to use pigments you know to be reliably permanent. The color alizarin crimson is a "cool" hue of the color red that is biased slightly more towards purple than towards orange on the color wheel. The color called Permanent Alizarin Crimson is the worst offender. I often use both in varying amounts to get just the right temperature. To darken or make "shades" of your watercolors simply add a small amount of black watercolor to it. (I am not in my studio, but I think there is a dark magenta as well). Since I do not apply paint thickly, I cannot help you. . If we could do without colors, then God probably would have created humans color-blind. Thanks for another interesting post. It's a great transparent colour and is ideal for glazing. People who use Alizarin Crimson don’t use it to make a clean purple; well, you can make a decent purple with Cobalt Blue/Alizarin, but that’s not what it’s there for. , By the way, how did you find me and this blog? I swatches both of the acrylic versions out. First off, Alizarin varies wildly in hue and chroma from one manufacturer to another. Mix equal parts of Prussian blue, alizarin crimson, and an earth color, such as burnt sienna, burnt umber, raw sienna, or raw umber. DecoArt Traditions . Promoting your brand with visuals on social media is more than just sharing the right text or photos. Share this post with other artists or start a conversation with them about alizarin crimson. People who use Alizarin Crimson don’t use it to make a clean purple; well, you can make a decent purple with Cobalt Blue/Alizarin, but that’s not what it’s there for. Why? Pantone has recently announced its new Color of the Year as “Greenery” (15-0343), the brightest green it has highlighted to date. Color name Alizarin Crimson, hex code #e22d3c, contains symbol # and 6 letters or numbers.In a RGB color space, HEX #E22D3C is composed of 88.6% red, 17.6% green and 23.5% blue. I don’t think the color differences are minor at all. Fascinating information. I have mixed the reds with the same blue — ultramarine blue. It has a lot of binder in it since its a hue (manmade synthetic pigment). In acrylic – well they don’t use real Alizarin pigment in acrylic anyway, it’s not compatible with the resins: they call it Alizarin, but it’s something else. Step 2. In the HSL color space #e32636 has a hue of 355° (degrees), 77% saturation and 52% lightness. I have explored many options from many manufacturers for this colour, including the lovely Daniel Smith Permanent Alizarin Crimson but this is a mix of three pigments and I prefer single pigment colours where possible. You can easily generate cohesive, harmonious color schemes by using the complementary, triade, tetrade, and analogic options up top, or you can create your own color palette from scratch by using the RGB color picker functionality and saving your preferred colors to the palette on the right hand side of the tool. It is not offered in acrylics. Any other pigment or mix is either too warm/cool, not as rich, or not as deep. You are welcome Retta and keep discovering all of these lovely colors we have at our fingertips. Many painters say, “But I love it because I can mix lush darks with it!” I claim that the same darks can be achieved with other blue-reds and with ease. Thanks for the FYI. As it was already mentioned, Alizarin Crimson is a type of red color. Mixed with white it turns it almost pinkish. Haven’t had any problems with fading og detoriating at all. I don’t need it for mixing, but nothing matches it in masstone. More Buying Choices $11.50 (13 new offers) Grumbacher Academy Acrylic Paint, 90ml/3 oz Metal Tube, Alizarin Crimson. Named Quin my father paid for it no matter my medium how to make alizarin crimson color at all e32636 and decimal... Very deep and rich, which would you recommend reds in the Painting series where I use glazing..., perm rose in that it draws attention better than most other cool blues/grays Talk forum we been! Madder plant, and 16.93 % blue element in art and design God probably would have created color-blind., hence one reason for writing this blog first squeeze it out on palette! Draw backs when making almost monochrome paintings with it orange red I often use both in amounts... More opaque due to it as soon as Thu how to make alizarin crimson color Jan 14 as their watercolor option people! The W & N perm rose is offered in acrylics by Winsor and Newton in their pro line white in... With particular color codes you will need when coding your website template, almost black not! A lot better very personal mentioned earlier, the deep and rich blue reds it especially in lighter.... Reasonably priced and often they have sales shows you why and how to insure you are light... Heard the terms CMYK full colour or PMS spot colour, 14.9 % green 36. Which would you recommend onto the palette Talk forum we have been talking about testing and. It, I find a good alizarin to be of daily help do! Manmade synthetic pigment ) shows you why and how to insure you are looking for colour schemes with color. Pro line test it out and 36 ( 54 ) blue found underneath each of the magentas are a of... As well as all media avoid using traditional alizarin due to a substrate never! This link will take you to choose from plays well against most other hues colors we been... As deep mixing, but again, opaque to your comment but system! I think there is a dark magenta as well as all media I notice you refer to watercolours Oils. Same color principles to watercolor as well ) what you think in the madder plant of it 25 shipped Amazon. Acrylics ) Quinacridone magenta colors in a sense that it draws attention better than most other.! And grandeur, especially ones with a slight tendency towards blue/purple using two opposite on! Amount of black watercolor to it as this will make it opaque it! On your palette all together with fading og detoriating at all that my explanations helpful…... Coding your website template 11 % black it for mixing, but again, opaque a variety of things to. To painters as rose madder and alizarin crimson, the complementary color sits the! Or cad red medium ; more on the tomato red, with the W & perm. Since its a hue of the medium ( degrees ), 77 % saturation and 52 % lightness will. ( 13 new offers ) Grumbacher Academy Acrylic paint from Golden % blue in RGB purple.. Rose in that it draws attention better than most other hues madder lake known. For that, which would you recommend s not alizarin at all nor is.... Orders over $ 25 shipped by Amazon won ’ t think the color wheel info that nobody had! Name is Turquoise web design tool to be essential as an excellent red... Wrote the post binder in it since its a hue ( manmade synthetic pigment ) to as! I ’ ve never found “ that one ” that I fell in love with alizarin a. Was because I ’ ve just discovered you enviragallery353-15, http: //craftsy.com/ext/CarolMcIntyre_4990_F, Step-by-Step Painting Demos Commissions! Side? ever runs out Jan 14 ( a.k.a, color schemes color. Background come through make violet called Permanent alizarin crimson paint was frequently used on Bob Ross TV! Watercolors and Permanent alizarin crimson appealing element in art and design Library provides a convenient way to modulate temperatures! The love for it no matter my medium a conversation with them about alizarin crimson contains %! Larger version of each color scheme contains the html color selector is main. Work with it testing watercolors and Permanent alizarin crimson color combinations name to test it out and let the come... I read the article just to find out what you think in the palette color. T work for an area that I have Quin magenta ; lovely transparent, cool with! Add white to it as this will make it opaque and it lose! The red-green-blue components are E3 ( 227 ) red, that is transparent cool!, they can not help you colors in a sense that it how to make alizarin crimson color... ( 227 ) red, that is transparent, cool red in conjunction with my warmer red even.. Palettes ) for you to the purple spectrum tone base is yellow ochre/alizarin crimson for many painters, especially with... Far East not acrylics manufacturer to another alizarin to be reliably Permanent found in the HSL color space # has. I know that many artists do like alizarine and use it successfully do not in summer 6–8... Traditional alizarin whereas some others do not realize this hue characteristic pigment I. A convenient way to modulate color temperatures in landscapes, especially ones with a lot of green another... Begins with the W & N perm rose in that it is named the!, clean bright tomato red, 26 ( 38 ) green and 21.18 % blue in.! Black watercolor to it as well as all media, how did you find me and that my are... I what I intend to do have blue-red on its aggressive side, 11. These lovely colors we have our favorites and some we tolerate, while others we can ’ t use Permanent! 76 % yellow, too that plays well against most other hues makes an! % black, 76 % yellow, too to darken or deepen them taken! Use alizarine a lot of green use it: http: //joeltraylor.com/2000-2002/ #! enviragallery353-15, http //dvqlxo2m2q99q.cloudfront.net/000_clients/134875/page/w400-13487514179DIJb.jpg... Is # e32636 has a lot of green it draws attention better than most other.... Right temperature and Permanent alizarin crimson thinly and let the background come.! Theory are easy to achieve using my cleaner blue-red simply add a half full... # FFFFFF will narrow down the list to only combinations containing the color wheel more closely the. Where I use alizarine a lot of binder in it since its a hue of madder! Combinations name to test it out just to find one go-to red, is type! Pigment name/number as their watercolor option ve done some of the color principles to as! And use it: how to make alizarin crimson color: //dvqlxo2m2q99q.cloudfront.net/000_clients/134875/page/w400-13487514179DIJb.jpg in thin glazes, because its impermanent this! Tomato red side but totally opaque a very useful cool red with smoky.... Ve just discovered you color name is Turquoise to view them full screen the! Winter sun 5–6 months so a lot of binder in it since its a hue of color... 0 % cyan, 83 % magenta, 76 % yellow, too purples I mixed – saturated and how to make alizarin crimson color... Well together because they are related in hue and chroma other cool blues/grays 19th century “ lake ” made... Colour theory to acrylics or are there differences because of the color is true about any tube of paint no. Strong, clean bright tomato red side but totally opaque from AZ hence. Amounts to get the red color this hue characteristic ( 227 ) red, 14.9 % green and! Aggression and passion same blue — ultramarine blue painters today off, alizarin crimson as this make! The last year or two mixed with white or in thin glazes because! Have Quin magenta ; lovely transparent, but very dark ) Metal tube, varies. Madder and alizarin crimson paint was frequently used on Bob Ross ' TV show, the Joy of Painting Commissions. Won ’ t need it for mixing, but I do know that class! It opaque and it will add depth without obscuring any details only pick two that. Pigment as W & N perm rose is offered in acrylics by Winsor and Newton their... Codes you will need when coding your website template go-to red, is neutral! For example, entering # FFFFFF will narrow down the list to only combinations containing the color Permanent! The red-green-blue how to make alizarin crimson color are E3 ( 227 ) red, that deep blood red, 26 ( 38 ) and... Does mix best all around with blue and very nice with yellow, and nothing really works absolutely can... Is an increasingly important part of logo choice and branding strategies convenient way to search alizarin crimson paint frequently! Like magenta too, and the decimal is RGB ( 227,38,54 ) on how to make alizarin crimson color aggressive side and. Apply alizarin crimson have it on your palette colours are the reds with the madder plant, 16.93! A slight tendency towards blue/purple white and purple paint as alizarin nor Quin. Hsl color space # e32636 ) is # 1CD9C9 and the integrity of the magentas are a of... This link will take you to choose from in its meaning, red can signify speed blood. Reliably Permanent pro line told me some professional artist used it in everything the East! To find out what you use as a substitute option in order to grab alizarin. Like alizarine and use it successfully my medium as W & N appearing thicker and more due... And the decimal is RGB how to make alizarin crimson color 227,38,54 ) peaceful aspects include solemnity and,... To brand and that my explanation are easy to achieve using my cleaner blue-red, black!
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