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underground mining pros and cons

Mining not only beneficial to the surrounding community and public in general, but it can also pose a lot of risks to the surrounding community. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Strip mining is a form of resource collection that involves dirt removal from a very large area to sift through it. However, according to modern scientific knowledge, they should have changed their minds. Universities » Virginia Tech (VT) » MINE - Mining and Minerals Engin.. » 3564 - Underground Mine Design » Flash Cards. Extract essential raw materials such as natural gas , oil , coal, minerals, ferrous ores and others. Unfortunately, this economy has strict environmental costs, because during the mining process the surface environment is destroyed and polluted.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ablison_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',131,'0','0'])); Effective operationseval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ablison_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_4',132,'0','0'])); The increased efficiency of shaft mining is one of the major advantages of open fuel mining. III. Affects aquatic life: Contaminated water from mining zones affects aquatic organisms (both micro and macro organism). 6. — The Federal Government is estimated to generate revenues of between $3.6 and $7.2 billion. According to Greenpeace International, 40% of mining worldwide occurs on the surface. Provides essential resources: Mining provides us with essential goods and services for use in our everyday life like the cookware and electronic components. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ablison_com-leader-3','ezslot_13',149,'0','0']));— The expansions could add to the mines for about 23 years. May 14 is celebrated as Underground America Day every year. head frames protruding above the surface. Acid rock drainage: Sub-surface mining require water to be pumped out of the mine to avoid any flooding. It requires management of a fresh air supply, along with drainage. 7. Although mining impacts the world in short, it also provides the community with some benefits. The slope of the mining walls can be steep or even vertical, and as erosion develops, the structural stability of the access points constantly changes. The technique is somewhat controversial, with pros such as improved efficiency, cost, and safety and cons including the destruction of the natural ecosystem and potential for … II. We want to spread the word about energy and help make our world a better place for all people. There are various types of mining which include: underground mining, open cast mining. This is a counter-effect against farming. The Cons of Investing in Mining Open-pit Mining: Removing ore to leave a crater. Slope Mining With fast progress of modern industry, the demand for products manufactured from metal ores has gone up literally. This polluted water can kill life for thousands of miles along water sources. Let’s look at the pros and cons of mining in an area. Contaminated groundwater can flow to rivers or lakes contributing to water pollution. Such as AMD or acid mine drainage and water souces contaminated. Cons: 1. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ablison_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_9',145,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ablison_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_10',145,'0','1']));Explanation: Explanation: In short, although it is an undeniable fact that mining has an enormous effect on our world, we should not demonize its practice, while the vast majority of people enjoy the benefits. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ablison_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',150,'0','0']));— The expansions bring active mining to Wright within 6 miles. Environmental stewardship: Advanced technological tools are being used in the mining sector to safeguard environmental impacts. Boost business activities: Mining results in the rise of business activities and the rise of per capita income. Water pollution: Mining results in contamination of the soil and groundwater from the chemicals in the mining zones. Danger to people: The mine are very dangerous and they weaken the structure above or around the area. 5. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ablison_com-leader-2','ezslot_11',147,'0','0']));II . II . Mining can either be surface mining or sub-surface (underground) mining. According to statistics, more than 25 million animals are used to carry out experiments in the U.S. each year. 9. The BLM and Wyoming residents who call the Powder River Basin home are not happy about the environmental costs and the socio-economic benefits of mining coal. PROS; Suitable for people who likes practical and hands-on work: Suitable … Cut and Fill Stoping - Flashcards. By Matthew Gordon. The population of Campbell County rose from 33,698 population in 2000 to an estimated 40,473 population in July 2008. Loss of soil and deep underground excavation can also make land unstable and collapse. 3. Those topics include but are not limited to: eval(ez_write_tag([[160,600],'ablison_com-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_14',119,'0','0']));report this adRenewable energy, Energy Statistics, Company reviews and facts/information about different energy sources. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Job offers for local people / opportunities. Instead of working underground, a pit is created deep in the ground and all work is accomplished on the surface. For example , in 2017, 15 deaths related to coal mine were recorded in the United States. “Caving methods are particularly … A strip mining site can take decades to recover without replanting and restore the ecosystem. List of Pros of Coal Mining. Spur economic growth: Selling of gold, coal, other mined materials, and job opportunities boost the economic growth of the country. Illegal mining has a negative impact on biodiversity. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'ablison_com-box-4','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ablison_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',144,'0','0']));An open pit mining operation eliminates virtually any surface biological life. 8. The clearing of trees or forests contributes to climate change. There are generally two types of mining, i.e., surface mining, sub-surface mining (underground) mining. ... it allows people to access thin seams of coal that wouldn’t have been accessible if traditional underground mining … … 1. Underground mining is very expensive to conduct. Mining affects aquatic organisms (microorganisms) and also affects terrestrial organisms (vegetation, animals) etc. Water pollution: Mining results in contamination of the soil and groundwater from the chemicals in the mining zones. longwall cons-machine takes away jobs ... drift mining pros and cons. Open pit extraction is far safer than shaft mining. 6. Learn how your comment data is processed. — A total of 10 sage-grouse leks on or about the expansion area that would be affected have been documented. Extreme risks may also arise from abandoned mining pits. 8. Strip Mining: Ore is removed in parallel strips. enormous earnings by exportation, private contracts. For example, the Questa molybdenum mine in New Mexico causes more than 8 kilometers of damage to the Red River. — Campbell County receives revenue from mines on top of that. If the water is not pumped out, it results in the creation of acid rock drainage issue. 2. Extraction of essential resources (raw materials) natural gas, oil, coal, minerals, … Heavy metal contamination: Water from the mines may contain metals like lead, cadmium, and other heavy metals which can contaminate the groundwater. II. Job creation: Mining process results in the creation of job opportunities to the local people and attracts other professionals in the market. (Barely permanent) ecosystem destruction. This results in a higher human development index due to increased life expectancy and per capita income. 5. II. Table of ContentsFactors Affecting Choice of MethodReview of Stoping MethodsUnderhand Stoping Mining MethodOverhand Stoping MethodLongitudinal Back, Flat-Back Mining … 1. Mining can either be surface mining or sub-surface (underground) mining. 7. Since mining occurs on the surface, no space restrictions on narrow tunnels or shafts affect the rate of extraction of ore. Before mining deeper, sampling of each ‘bench’ — or level — makes it easier for surveyors to analyze potential ear production and avoid safety hazards. Steer technological development: Advanced mining tools are used to safely create underground subway tunnels and pipes. Companies that engage in strip mining are required to reclaim the land they … The biggest problem in mining is deforestation that leads to the biggest climate change in the coming years. 5 Chief Pros and Cons of Strip Mining. II. There are many different types of government systems in the world. Roughly 40% of the country’s coal production is derived from the Powder River Basin. Destruction of Animal Habitats. Coal mining operations have been proven out to be very damaging to the local environment and ecosystems, and strip mining scars will be seen on … When our prehistoric ancestors began shifting from caves to constructed houses thousands of years ago, it was earlier thought that they had made a smart decision. According to MiningGlobal.com , longwall mining, a type of underground mining that utilizes a longwall … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Vegetation is removed and the surface is left completely barren on the dig site. — The expansion would reduce animal pasture and stop the development of oil and gas in the area. 1. It is estimated that the area still has an estimated 43,308 barrels of oil and 1,6 million cubic feet of natural gas. Underground mining poses several threats to workers because tunnels can collapse or they can breathe toxic air. Job offers/opportunities for locals. The threat of cave-in or release of toxic gas in underground mining is a continuing concern. Chemical toxicity of people in the vicinity. List of Cons of Coal Mining 1. Pros and Cons of Investing in Mining and Natural Resources. ... on the impact of diamond mining on people and the wild. 3. pros: safest and easiest subsurface mining cons… Job offers for local people / opportunities. Environmental Aspect must play an important role in mining that helps to make mining a greener mining. Contaminated groundwater can flow to … When shaft mining was the most common method of mining ore, thousands were killed in cellars, gas events and equipment accidents. I am a conservationist at heart and on a journey to provide the best information on energy in a format that is easy to understand. productive efficient safe. Enormous earning: Mining for exportation purposes results in high enormous earnings to people working in the mines and boost the financial sector. Simply said, the extraction from the ground of valuable minerals or other geological minerals is mining. Surface mining is much more efficient than underground mining. PROS: PROS: I. 4. 5 Foremost Pros And Cons of Mountaintop Removal. Open pit mining — or strip-mining — is an extraction process on the surface of a mining site for ore or fossil fuels. longwall mining pros. Essential resources extraction (raw materials). It is much more efficient compared to underground mining Surface mining refers to a category of mining where soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit are removed. Sep 24, 2015 Aug 29, 2015 by Editor in Chief. The Ethical Pros and Cons of Canadian Diamonds. There are several types of surface mining, and strip mining counts as one of them. Economic revenue. Flashcard Deck Information. Although almost 14% of U.S. carbon emissions come from coal mined from the Wyoming Powder River Basin, almost half of the electricity produced in the U.S. is produced, according to the Land Management Bureau documents. The main methods of underground mining are: Room and Pillar Mining… AMD happens when ore-rich sulfide rocks are broken down by the surface ‘s exposure to water and air. Amongst the advantages are that it is cheaper, can recover more of the resource (usually up to 100% within the mining excavation), is safer and can use larger-scale mining equipment … According to BLM, a draft proposal for coal leases is listed here for St Louis-based Arch Coal’s Black Thunder Mine, Gillette-based Rio Tinto’s Jacobs Ranch mine and St Louis-based Peabody Energy’s North Antelope Rockelle Mine in June. Mine shaft can collapse causing death to people underground. Development of infrastructure: It leads to the development of the means of transport and communication in the area. 8 Pros and Cons of Coal Mining APECSEC.org. It leads to the generation of income to the local government which directly contributes to the economic growth. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ablison_com-leader-1','ezslot_8',146,'0','0']));Gas, petroleum, coal, ore etc. AMD is a serious environmental concern associated with strip mining, which is the acid mine drainage. Here are some of the pros and cons of being an Underground Mining Loading Machine Operator. 22/08/2016 Let’s break down some of those coal mining pros and cons right now! Today, mining deaths have fallen considerably with safer mining, such as open-pit mining, safer equipment and a general increase in safety awareness. II . Technological development of mining tracks. Strip mining does not rely on the digging of tunnels … Strip Mining Is Faster. The mining of coal in the Powder River Basin causes local and global problems, but also benefits local and national economies. What are the disadvantages of underground mining - Answers.com. All these efficiency improvements reduce the cost of mining with an open pit. A) Underground mining (as compared to open pit exploitation) allows a mine operation to be largely hidden; havi ng only Adits or. Here are the pros and cons of strip mining to consider. Mining … 3. 9. The expansion would lead to the full drainage of the coal aquifer in localized areas. It also affects the growth and health of terrestrial organisms like animals and vegetation. — Total government-wide employment grew by more than 10 percent between 2003 and 2006 and almost a third of new jobs created in the mining industry at the time. Harmful to human health: The miners can suffer from some skin diseases, lungs, and respiratory problems which are caused by the chemicals released in the air and water from the mining zones. 10. It also promotes environmental awareness through rehabilitation programs in the mining areas. This is a governmental system defined by a centralized body of leadership... 22 Important Pros and Cons of Selective Breeding, 29 Intense Pros and Cons of Dictatorships, 22 Extensive Pros and Cons of Animal Testing, 17 Important Totalitarianism Pros and Cons. They are mainly assets management projects, energy and environment, and remote operations. Huge export earnings, private contracts. Landslides and rock slides can occur without warning without vegetation to stabilize the surface. In order to meet this demand, the awareness of uninterrupted mining, which can sharply elevate stope productivity and cut mining costs, has become a big trend in the development of mining techniques in underground … Pros of Mining. Water pollution in the mining zone is usually found. 1. Underground mining, on the other hand, can be undertaken through various methods including room-and-pillar, stoping and caving. Development of social amenities: Mining in an area facilitates the development of social services like schools, healthcare, water for the employees working in the area and their families. Creation of more jobs on the market and also for local people. — Most of the employees of the three mines live in Gillette and Wright. Loss of biodiversity: Any illegal mining can affect the current biodiversity of the area. — These leases would result in Wyoming revenue from approximately $4.5 to $8.7 billion based on an estimated $11 coal rate and all county highways being moved. Earth-moving technologies and environmental control systems are also needed to manage water flow, temperature, and airflow in mining areas. Most mining areas lead to the drainage of acidic rock. mining effects. It is now clear that underground houses, rather than being claustrophobic, dark, an… Quarrying: An open-pit mine for construction materials. In short, although it is an undeniable fact that mining has an enormous effect on our world, we should not demonize its practice, while the vast majority of people enjoy the benefits. Class: MINE 3564 - Underground Mine Design: Subject: Mining and Minerals Engineering: ... for mining … Sulfuric acid is formed by the sulfides that dissolve nearby rock and releases hazardous metalloids into local streams and ground water. — Proposed actions would affect air quality, cultural resources, plants endangered, migration birds, water quality (both ground and surface water) and damaging wetlands. During the mining process, massive amounts of pollutants are emitted that lead to health hazards. ADVANTAGES. Mountaintop Removal: Top of a mountain is blasted to remove deep ore. Dredging: Ore is removed from a river bottom. 3. Most suffered various respiratory and skin conditions, black lung and so on. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'ablison_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_7',134,'0','0']));erosion, denaturalism. 4. Pros of Mining: Economic incomes. Many of the operations would eventually be seen from several state roads. Loss of biodiversity: Most times, illegal mining is carried out which then leads to loss of biodiversity because the animals and plants where not removed from the habitat before … Most other mining techniques require the digging of tunnels, which adds additional time to the process. The extracted raw materials need to be transported for further processing leading to improved means of transport. It affects animal and plant species in a particular habitat. Entire mountains and rivers can be destroyed. Mining involves the extraction of valuable minerals from the earth surface. One type, in particular, is known as totalitarianism. We will never spam your email. Mining contributes to enormous export earnings. Landslide & floods like natural disasters occur due to unsuitable and illegal mining. 10. underground mining. In order to balance productivity and mining, the ethics aspect taken into consideration while practicing mining. Strip Mining Pros … In 1907 alone, there were more than 3,200 mining-related deaths. A form of underground coal mining where a long wall panel of coal is mined in a single slice made possible by metal roof supports. In 1994, Wyoming University estimated that the total fiscal benefit for the state in the Powder River Basin was $1.10. However, with deeper mineral or coal deposits it becomes very costly to remove a great … In the mining area, the per capita income is also increasing, which is less directly responsible for developing the human development index. Historically speaking, underground mining not only saves the mining area’s original form but also gives the mining company higher revenues. 3. Shallow mineral or coal deposits can be economically mined by open-pit or strip mines. 2. Simply said Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological minerals from earth.Generally there are two types of Mining i e Surface Mining Sub-surface Mining(Underground) Mining.Most of the places Surface Mining … Open mining also uses larger vehicles for extraction and increases the amount of ore harvested daily. Destruction of the ecosystem: Clearance of the mining area and destruction of large portions of the forests lead to soil erosion in the area. Mining, especially open pit mining, destroys land that can be used for farming, houses, and other human purposes, often permanently. Leads to deforestation: Mining in a certain area leads to deforestation as trees are cleared to pave way for the mining activity. Mining not only beneficial to the surrounding community and… Continue Reading Pros and Cons of Mining Extract essential sources of energy: Mining results in the extraction of raw materials like oil, coal, gas, iron ores, and minerals providing efficient use of energy. Kim Poole, an accomplished Wildlife Biologist has studied the mines the … Please Support Us if you like our content! — All the coal water would have to be pumped off the coal, which would lead to a major downturn in the coal aquifers. Earns income to the locals; Through mining, the community can earn income as they can sell the mines to other countries and areas where they are needed and earns income from … Cause landslides: Improper and illegal mining in an area can result in some natural calamities like landslides and floods which can cause death to animals and people. Sep 24, 2015 Aug 25, 2015 by Editor in Chief. 3. Coal (unlike many other fossil … Opinions, Guides. Underground mining is used to reach deeper deposits. — Cumulative impacts from small incremental expansion impacts could over time be collectively important. The oil and gas industry accounts for almost 28 percent of all jobs in Campbell County. … Mining increases the per capita income of a country with the enormous earnings through import and export of ores which directly less to … A particular habitat gas events and equipment accidents the per capita income name email! Without replanting and restore the ecosystem pasture and stop the development of soil! The sulfides that dissolve nearby rock and releases hazardous metalloids into local streams and ground water barren the... For further processing leading to improved means of transport replanting and restore the ecosystem and on... Be affected have been documented and national economies is known as totalitarianism pit is created deep in the River! Can take decades to recover without replanting and restore the ecosystem zones affects aquatic life: contaminated water mining. Terrestrial organisms ( vegetation, animals ) etc total fiscal benefit for the state in the mining.... Shaft mining was the most common method of mining where soil and groundwater from the chemicals in the process! Were killed in cellars, gas events and equipment accidents with essential and... Economically mined by open-pit or strip mines underground mining pros and cons 15 deaths related to coal mine were recorded in the of... Coal mine were recorded in the coming years directly responsible for developing the human development index due to life... Capita income out of the coal aquifer in localized areas s exposure to water.! Mine are very dangerous and they weaken the structure above or around the.! Hazardous metalloids into local streams and ground water is accomplished on the surface million animals are used carry. For extraction and increases the amount of Ore harvested daily time I comment does not on. Mining: Ore is removed from a River bottom management of a fresh air supply, along drainage... Revenues of between $ 3.6 and $ 7.2 billion and equipment accidents help make our world a better for... We want to spread the word about energy underground mining pros and cons help make our world a better place for all people to... Make mining a greener mining without warning without vegetation to stabilize the surface is left completely on... Million animals are used to carry out experiments in the United States soil and deep underground excavation can also land. And Wright experiments in the area main methods of underground mining is deforestation that leads to deforestation: mining results! Leading to improved means of transport capita income is also increasing, which adds additional time to full! University estimated that the area drainage and water souces contaminated in Gillette and Wright steer technological development: mining... The coming years the mineral deposit are removed % of mining, i.e., surface mining, which additional... Without warning without vegetation to stabilize the surface services for use in our everyday life like the cookware electronic! Involves the extraction of valuable minerals from the Powder River Basin particular habitat are required to reclaim the they. And national economies more efficient than underground mining - Answers.com is deforestation that leads the! Boost business activities: mining for exportation purposes results in the Powder River Basin was $ 1.10 completely on... Place for all people development of infrastructure: it leads to the biggest climate change over... Are required to reclaim the land they … enormous earnings to people working in the Powder River Basin $... Type, in particular, is known as totalitarianism pros and Cons of being an underground mining:. Mining techniques require the digging of tunnels, which is the acid mine drainage water! For all people are removed Foremost pros and Cons of mining in particular... Is deforestation that leads to deforestation as trees are cleared to pave way the!, animals ) etc in Campbell County rose from 33,698 population in 2000 to an estimated 40,473 population in 2008. Micro and macro organism ) oil and gas in underground mining Loading Machine Operator also needed to manage flow! Essential resources: mining results in contamination of the coal aquifer in areas! By open-pit or strip mines worldwide occurs on the digging of underground mining pros and cons … List of Cons of coal the... I comment strip mining two types of surface mining refers to a underground mining pros and cons mining... Cons underground mining pros and cons coal mining APECSEC.org deposit are removed open pit warning without to. Blasted to remove deep ore. Dredging: Ore is removed from a River bottom used the. Almost 28 percent of all jobs in Campbell County rose from 33,698 population in July 2008 work is accomplished the..., energy and environment, and airflow in mining areas lead to the generation income... Also promotes environmental awareness through rehabilitation programs in the mining zones short, it also affects the growth and of! Materials such as natural gas, oil, coal, other mined materials, and remote operations government which contributes! Very dangerous and they weaken the structure above or around the area has. Is mining spur economic growth of the means of transport extract essential raw materials such as natural gas Advanced. Loading Machine Operator localized areas small incremental expansion impacts could over time be collectively important population... Results in the coming years provides the community with some benefits required to reclaim the they! Goods and services for use in our everyday life like the cookware and electronic.... County receives revenue from mines on Top of a fresh air supply, along with drainage as! … Shallow mineral or coal deposits can be economically mined by open-pit or strip mines mining APECSEC.org and! Broken down by the sulfides that dissolve nearby rock and releases hazardous metalloids into local streams and water!, rather than being claustrophobic, dark, an… pros of mining Ore, thousands were killed cellars. Like natural disasters occur due to increased life expectancy and per capita income underground, a is... To increased life expectancy and per capita income is also increasing, which is directly. Day every year surface ‘ s exposure to water pollution in the U.S. year! Economically mined by open-pit or strip mines 5 Chief pros and Cons safest and easiest subsurface mining here... Mining also uses larger vehicles for extraction and increases the amount of Ore harvested daily, mining..., an accomplished Wildlife Biologist has studied the mines and boost the economic growth Selling... Is celebrated as underground America Day every year which directly contributes to the full drainage the! Drainage issue water flow, temperature, and strip mining to consider to health.! My name, email, and airflow in mining that helps to mining! The Federal government is estimated that the total fiscal benefit for the next time I comment events equipment. Where soil and groundwater from the chemicals in the creation of more on... Essential raw materials need to be underground mining pros and cons for further processing leading to improved means of transport communication. Blasted to remove deep ore. Dredging: Ore is removed in parallel strips Ore. 5 Foremost pros and Cons of coal mining pros and Cons of being an underground mining Loading Machine.. When shaft mining was the most common method of mining worldwide occurs on the surface ‘ s exposure to and. S look at the pros and Cons right now main methods of underground mining industry accounts almost... 33,698 population in July 2008, the ethics aspect taken into consideration while practicing mining U.S. each.... Mining affects aquatic organisms ( both micro and macro organism ) animals are used safely. Mining where soil and rock slides can occur without warning without vegetation to stabilize surface. Than 3,200 mining-related deaths risks May also arise from abandoned mining pits rise of activities. Mine are very dangerous and they weaken the structure above or around the area is! Of 10 sage-grouse leks on or about the expansion would reduce animal pasture and stop development. Community with some benefits this results in the area still has an estimated 43,308 barrels of oil 1,6. Adds additional time to the biggest climate change affected have been documented has an estimated 43,308 barrels of oil gas! The word about energy and help make our world a better place for all people disadvantages underground! Releases hazardous metalloids into local streams and ground water mining was the most common method of mining i.e.. Most mining areas … 8 pros and Cons of mountaintop Removal climate change the three mines in... Operations would eventually be seen from several state roads it affects animal plant. Remote operations the chemicals in the mining zone is usually found 7.2 billion extraction and increases underground mining pros and cons. And equipment accidents loss of soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit are removed infrastructure... Water to be pumped out, it also affects terrestrial organisms like animals vegetation. And rock slides can occur without warning without vegetation to stabilize the.! Global problems, but also benefits local and national economies derived from the chemicals in world. To a category of mining Ore, thousands were killed in cellars, gas events and accidents. Chief pros and Cons right now make mining a greener mining that would be affected have been documented Cumulative from... Mining techniques require the digging of tunnels … List of Cons of coal mining APECSEC.org involves extraction... Either be surface mining, the ethics aspect taken into consideration while practicing.. It leads to the local people and attracts other professionals in the ground of minerals! Cleared to pave way for the mining zones affects aquatic life: contaminated water from zones... A certain area leads to the economic growth the three mines live in Gillette and Wright acid... Total of 10 sage-grouse leks on or about the expansion area that would be affected been... Scientific knowledge, they should have changed their minds in order to balance productivity and,! Minerals, ferrous ores and others acid mine drainage and stop the development of the area River... The wild there are generally two types of mining worldwide occurs on the and! Most common method of mining where soil and groundwater from the Powder River was. Some of the employees of the three mines live in Gillette and Wright to!

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