psalm 4:1 commentary
We therefore speak no better to men, because no more to God. He reproveth and exhorteth his enemies. Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness] That is, O thou righteous Judge of my righteous cause, and of my good conscience. God will honor those who live rightly. (Haydock) --- "Over the female musicians." The Christian has an equally great joy. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. Ps 4:1-8. He tried to kill David because he wanted to become king. You have set me at large when I was in distress. O God of my righteousness; either the witness and defender of my righteous cause; or from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of my cause which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me and my cause with manifold injuries and calumnies. Psalm 1 is an introductory Psalm, a kind of gateway to the rest, where all kinds of qualities are mentioned. Moreover, he calls him the God of his righteousness, which is the same thing as if he had called him the vindicator of his right; (50) and he appeals to God, because all men everywhere condemned him, and his innocence was borne down by the slanderous reports of his enemies and the perverse judgments of the common people. On Neginoth] i.e. Thou hast made room for me. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. And the other part of the motive for redress is also very sweet and important. If the prayer be thus read with an eye to Jesus, it becomes a blessed argument indeed. Meditations, Critical and Practical, on Psalm IV., in Archbishop Leighton's Works. ", Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness, Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness, Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress. The manna shall fall every morning until we cross the Jordan. And, I would like to thank my fiancé, my family, friends, classmates and all of you who thought it not robbery to listen to me talk about God’s Word just a little bit. Let us lay ourselves open to the Spirit’s touch; and so make music. (b) You who are the defender of my just cause. But is there not even a higher sense to be put upon this verse? 25:16; 69:16 I had rather have the king’s favour than Mephibosheth’s land. This psalm is titled A Song of Ascents. Commentary on Psalms - Volume 1 by John Calvin. Psalm 124 – Thanking God for the Help Only He Can Bring. Thou hast, that is, thou wilt enlarge me who am now in distress. Book One The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked - Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. For particulars, David was content to be at God’s disposal. (a) Among those who were appointed to sing the psalms and to play on instruments, one was appointed chief to set the tune, and to begin: who had the charge because he was most excellent and he began this psalm on the instrument called Neginoth or in a tune so called. A Psalm of David, n when he fled from Absalom his son. He reproves the wicked, Psalm 4:2. that so many should make so fearful a choice. He had the testimony of a good conscience that he had attempted nothing without the call and commandment of God, and therefore he does not speak rashly when he calls God the protector and defender of his right. See on Psalms 3. “Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.” Now, you might wonder if this verse also serves as the petition. Psalms 4:1. The terms used to describe relief from distress picture moving out of a tight corner into an open space. Ps. Have mercy upon me - In my present troubles. Though thou mayest justly permit my enemies to destroy me, on account of my many and great sins, yet I flee to thy mercy, and I beseech thee hear my prayer, and bring thy servant out of his troubles. 1. I ask the question, let the Reader remember; I do not determine it. An experienced warrior and conqueror, David had been familiar with dangers and deliverances, and his faith is now encouraged from the past. The ungodly satisfied with earthly blessings, but the godly cannot be at rest without the favour of God, Psalm 4:6-8. He who dares to face his Maker will not tremble before the sons of men. The psalm for today ends with the word shalom in Hebrew, again translated “peace” (v. 8). Genitive of relation or object. Psalm 4#In Hebrew texts 4:1-8 is numbered 4:2-9.For the director of music. It is the righteous God Who has accepted him as righteous through forgiveness, and enables him to walk in righteousness. Absalom was one of King David's sons. God hath dashed down the rocks and given me room; he hath broken the barriers and set me in a large place. From the 2nd to the 6th verse he expostulates with his rebellious subjects, and admonishes them for their good: in the remainder of it he prays for God's assistance, and pathetically expresses his sure dependance upon him. Man's happiness is in God's favour. See on Psalms 3, "Thou hast relieved me," is a better translation of the Hebrew perfect tense than the NIV, "Give me relief. Isaiah also, fortified by the same confidence, (Isaiah 50:6 and following verse) despises all the slanders by which his enemies calumniated him. Psalm 4:6. It is said of Charles V, that he spent more words with God than with men. You have given me relief when I was in distress. Alas! And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalms 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. The chief musician; the master or director of the sacred musicians and music of the temple; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:31 15:16,17 25:1,2 2 Chronicles 20:21 34:12,13. --- The psalms which have this title, related to future times, and to the Church of Christ; (St. Augustine; Worthington) or were to be sung at the close of the Jewish festivals, &c. (Berthier) --- This is considered as a sequel to the preceding, to thank God for the late victory over Absalom. Psalm 4:1-8. ... Psalm 36:1-4. Psalms 4:1 Context. Selah. The writer is grateful that when he was in distress God delivered him from it and set him ‘at large’. But while I do not presume to say otherwise, I venture to throw out a conjecture, that this Psalm was addressed to an infinitely greater person, than any among the sons of men. Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. A psalm of David. Psalm 8:1-4. Past favor is a ground of hope for the future. Aιεν αριστευειν was Cicero’s motto, that is, strive to excel others, to crop off the very top of all virtues, δρεπειν υρετων κορυφας απα πασων, as Scipio is said to have done; to be best at anything, to be careful to excel in good works, Titus 3:8, and to bear away the bell, as we say, in whatsoever a man undertaketh, Hoc iamdiu consecutus est Roscius, ut in quo quisque artificio excelleret in suo genere Roscius diceretur (Cic. Thus the faithful are accustomed to call to their remembrance those things which tend to strengthen their faith. And as he asks twice to be heard, in this there is expressed to us both the vehemence of his grief and the earnestness of his prayers. That is, Pity me, and have compassion on me, as thou hast done in former times. Hist. Some have thought that this Psalm was used in the temple service, and sung there. See more on Psalms 22, 60. It is not on the ground of his own claim as a righteous man, but it is that, in this particular case, he was wrongfully persecuted; and he asks God to interpose, and to cause justice to be done. MEN, who judge only by the outward appearance, are apt to entertain a good opinion of themselves: but God, who looketh at the heart, describes the whole race of mankind as immersed in an unfathomable abyss of wickedness [Note: Jeremiah 17:9 . What indeed can be more grateful to the Lord, than, by thus acting faith upon what the Lord will give, to tell him what he hath before bestowed upon us? It is summed up in the question, âShall not the judge of all the earth do right?â The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. The chief musician; the master or director of the sacred musicians and music of the temple; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:31 15:16,17 25:1,2 2 Chronicles 20:21 34:12,13. O God of my righteousness - That is, O my righteous God. Apparently some in the community were spreading lies about him, ruining his reputation. Surely because he looked upon the favour of God as a complexive blessing, that perfectly comprehendeth all the rest; as manna is said to have had all good tastes in it. With stringed instruments. We take the most effectual method to obtain new mercies, when we remind God of his past favors. In these words there is shown the faith of David, who, although brought to the uttermost distress, and indeed almost consumed by a long series of calamities, did not sink under his sorrow; nor was he so broken in heart as to be prevented from betaking himself to God his deliverer. Hoc autem in prophetia dictum est, saith R. David. Observe, that David speaks first to God and then to men. Psalm 4:1. On the title of the psalm before us, that the מנצח menatseach, chief musician, here mentioned, is generally supposed to have been the preceptor or chief singer in the temple worship; and that נגינות Neginoth consequently implies the stringed instruments to which the psalm was to be sung. ‘O God of my righteousness.’ The righteous God is the source of his vindication, and its upholder. I. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. The Story of Psalm 4. thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; when he had like to have been killed by Saul casting a javelin at him; and when his house was watched by men that Saul set there, and he was let down through a window and escaped; and when he was shut in at Keilah, where Saul thought he had him safe; and at other times, to which he may here refer, as in Psalm 18:19; and this may be applied to the Messiah, when in the garden, beset with sorrows, and an angel strengthened him; and when on the cross, surrounded by various enemies, whom he conquered; and when in death and the grave, from the pains and cords of which he was loosed, and set in a large place. He is seeking that God will continue to act on his behalf in response to his prayer. Psalm 4 – Talking to God and Men. The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. But why doth David beg audience and mercy in general only, and not lay open to God his particular grievances? The writer, praying for further relief, admonishes his enemies of the vanity of attacking God's servant, exhorts them to repentance, and avows his confidence and peace in God's favor. Righteousness, therefore, is here to be understood of a good cause, of which David makes God the witness, while he complains of the malicious and wrongful conduct of men towards him; and, by his example, he teaches us, that if at any time our uprightness is not seen and acknowledged by the world, we ought not on that account to despond, inasmuch as we have one in heaven to vindicate our cause. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress. Even the heathen have said there is no better stage for virtue than a manâs own conscience. It is not to be imagined that he who has helped us in six troubles will leave us in the seventh. On Neginoth; or, on stringed instruments, as this word is translated, Habakkuk 3:19; for the Hebrew verb nichen, whence this is derived, signifies to play with the hand upon an instrument, 1 Samuel 16:23 18:10. Neginoth: stringed instruments mentioned in connection with Psalms 3; Psalms 5; Psalms 43; Psalms 54; Psalms 60; Psalms 66; Psalms 75, where it seems clear that the musical directions now appearing as titles of Psalms 4; Psalms 6; Psalms 54; Psalms 55; Psalms 61; Psalms 67; Psalms, 76, were anciently appended to the preceding Psalms. This is always a proper ground of appeal to God. 1 (To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David.) - that is, Pity me, God of my righteousness into a roomy place when.! Calumnies he vindicated himself fact that David speaks first to God and then to men, no... Be at God ’ s favour than Mephibosheth ’ s disposal but is there not even a sense! Thy mercy-sake, is our best plea, `` Show my enemies that you are fighting me... 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