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neuropsychological approach to speech production

AB - We examined two working hypotheses arising from Garrett's (1975) analysis of speech errors: the independent-levels and the function-content hypotheses. N2 - This book provides both a theoretical and practical reference to cognitive neuropsychological approaches to speech and language therapists working with people with aphasia. The interactive two-step model, in particular, offers an account of a variety of phenomena that may arise from interaction, while retaining the staged character of lexical access emphasized in discrete approaches. By considering DLD as a complex neuropsychological syndrome, whose successful treatment depends on a holistic approach to diagnosis and intervention, we may significantly increase the efficacy of speech therapy, and also better understand the flexibility of the developing brain, its compensatory mechanisms and hence the comorbidity of DLD with psychiatric symptoms. The individual papers address a range of topical issues including the levels of processing in speech production (Lambon-Ralph, Moriarty, Sage et al. (1998) Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 8: 143–154; l McCarthy and Warrington (1984) Brain 107: 463–485 (this test in itself is an index of speech production but also provides a reference for interpreting verbal working memory effects on phrase repetition) — 392 pages , ISBN: 1848721420 This is a second edition of the highly popular volume used by clinicians and students in the assessment and intervention of aphasia. In this case, the relevant principle involves learning how connection weights to lexical items are set in the course of learning to speak. A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia : a clinician's guide.. [Anne Whitworth; Janet Webster; David Howard] -- This is a second edition of the highly popular volume used by clinicians and students in the assessment and intervention of aphasia. Similarly, the function-content distinction and the related distinction between content items and inflectional affixes are present in modern theories of production and production deficits (e.g., Alario & Caramazza, 2002; Bock & Levelt, 1994; Ferreira & Humphreys, 2001; Segalowitz & Lane, 2000). The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. abstract = "We examined two working hypotheses arising from Garrett's (1975) analysis of speech errors: the independent-levels and the function-content hypotheses. This influence can be modeled by interactive or feedback connections from phonological to word units. Together they form a unique fingerprint. The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. With regard to the independent-levels hypothesis, we argued that although these levels (or something like them) exist, they are not independent. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign data protection policy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign contact form. The division of labor that arises from learning is an important general characteristic of connectionist models of learning. title = "Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production". In this case, the relevant principle involves learning how connection weights to lexical items are set in the course of learning to speak. While a cognitive neuropsychological approach is widely used in aphasia clinics throughout the UK and other countries to assess and treat people with aphasia, there is relatively little published information that is accessible to the speech and language therapist (or speech language pathologist) that explores the application of this approach. / Dell, Gary S.; Sullivan, Jason M. Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. The division of labor that arises from learning is an important general characteristic of connectionist models of learning. author = "Dell, {Gary S.} and Sullivan, {Jason M.}". 1391-1396. The syntax and semantics divide the labor of retrieving words in production, with prototypical function words associated with large syntactic and small semantic inputs and content words with the reverse. Garrett's study was not itself experimental, but by creating viable working hypotheses it inspired 30 years of research, both in and out of the laboratory. In the Plaut et al. reading model, the regular-irregular distinction becomes a continuum as different representations make quantitatively varying contributions to the processing. The functional and positional levels have been spelled out in theories of sentence and word production (Bock, 1982; Dell, 1986; Hartsuiker, 2002; Kempen & Hoenkamp, 1987; Levelt, 1989; Stemberger, 1985), particularly in discrete two-step theories of lexical access (Levelt et al., 1999; Roelofs, 1997). Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to diagnosing and treating language disorders: Production and comprehension of sentences. booktitle = "Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory", Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-7421(03)44003-6. The interactive two-step model, in particular, offers an account of a variety of phenomena that may arise from interaction, while retaining the staged character of lexical access emphasized in discrete approaches. study of normal and pathological speech production has become highly specialised with an enormous proliferation of related publications in the neurological, neuropsychological and neurophysiological literature. Eleanor M. Saffran. The results show that word production, comprehension, and working memory deficits all contribute to nonfluency, in addition to syntactic impairment which has a strong and direct impact on fluency. The interactive two-step model, in particular, offers an account of a variety of phenomena that may arise from interaction, while retaining the staged character of lexical access emphasized in discrete approaches. The first paper in the volume is an introduction by the editor (Dr Lyndsey Nickels), which reviews the 'state of the art' of the cognitive neuropsychology of spoken word production both in terms of theory and methodology. The syntax and semantics divide the labor of retrieving words in production, with prototypical function words associated with large syntactic and small semantic inputs and content words with the reverse. The interactive two-step model, in particular, offers an account of a variety of phenomena that may arise from interaction, while retaining the staged character of lexical access emphasized in discrete approaches. Similarly, the function-content distinction and the related distinction between content items and inflectional affixes are present in modern theories of production and production deficits (e.g., Alario & Caramazza, 2002; Bock & Levelt, 1994; Ferreira & Humphreys, 2001; Segalowitz & Lane, 2000). Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. In: Camurri A., Volpe G. (eds) Gesture-Based Communication in Human-Computer Interaction. Get Free Learning Disabilities And Brain Function A Neuropsychological Approach ... Broca's area deals with organization, production and the manipulation of language and speech. ; Wilshire); the nature of the interaction between levels of processing (Goldrick & Rapp); and effects of different factors on naming (word class and context: Berndt, Burton, Haendiges & Mitchum; phonemic and orthographic cues: Best, Herbert, Hickin, Osborne & Howard); lexical stress: Howard & Smith). Similarly, the function-content distinction and the related distinction between content items and inflectional affixes are present in modern theories of production and production deficits (e.g., Alario & Caramazza, 2002; Bock & Levelt, 1994; Ferreira & Humphreys, 2001; Segalowitz & Lane, 2000). 551–571). N2 - The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. For example, the differing contributions of semantics to the reading of regular and irregularly spelled words can be explained by the cue competition in learning (Plaut, McClelland, Seidenberg, & Patterson, 1996). Lemma selection is influenced by phonological information; such information is normally part of a later step in the process. Future research holds much promise to provide further insights into the processes and mechanisms involved in speech production and their underlying neural mechanisms as ever-increasing sophisticated techniques become available for mapping lesions in neuropsychological studies and for examining the neural substrates of speech production in participants with and without lesions. Neuropsychological approaches to the study of language. With regard to the independent-levels hypothesis, we argued that although these levels (or something like them) exist, they are not independent. T1 - Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production.". In this case, the relevant principle involves learning how connection weights to lexical items are set in the course of learning to speak. The individual papers address a range of topical issues including the levels of processing in speech production (Lambon-Ralph, Moriarty, Sage et al. (2012). N2 - We examined two working hypotheses arising from Garrett's (1975) analysis of speech errors: the independent-levels and the function-content hypotheses. The function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of connectionist principles (Gordon & Dell, 2003). For example, the differing contributions of semantics to the reading of regular and irregularly spelled words can be explained by the cue competition in learning (Plaut, McClelland, Seidenberg, & Patterson, 1996). We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. (Ed. If production started out as Levelt's (1989) "stepchild of psycholinguistics," it has grown up to make its family proud. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. This influence can be modeled by interactive or feedback connections from phonological to word units. This approach is becoming increasingly influential in the assessment, investigation, and treatment of word production difficulties in aphasia. The individual papers address a range of topical issues including the levels of processing in speech production (Lambon-Ralph, Moriarty, Sage et al. ; Wilshire); the nature of the interaction between levels of processing (Goldrick & Rapp); and effects of different factors on naming (word class and context: Berndt, Burton, Haendiges & Mitchum; phonemic and orthographic cues: Best, Herbert, Hickin, Osborne & Howard); lexical stress: Howard & Smith). The function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of connectionist principles (Gordon & Dell, 2003). It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. In this case, the relevant principle involves learning how connection weights to lexical items are set in the course of learning to speak. The functional and positional levels have been spelled out in theories of sentence and word production (Bock, 1982; Dell, 1986; Hartsuiker, 2002; Kempen & Hoenkamp, 1987; Levelt, 1989; Stemberger, 1985), particularly in discrete two-step theories of lexical access (Levelt et al., 1999; Roelofs, 1997). doi = "10.1016/S0079-7421(03)44003-6". This book provides both a theoretical and practical reference to cognitive neuropsychological approaches to speech and language therapists working with people with aphasia. For example, the differing contributions of semantics to the reading of regular and irregularly spelled words can be explained by the cue competition in learning (Plaut, McClelland, Seidenberg, & Patterson, 1996). Together they form a unique fingerprint. GW 2003. The function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of connectionist principles (Gordon & Dell, 2003). AB - The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. For example, batonic gestures, to which a motor origin is ascribed by Hadar (1989), are seen as reflective of semantic (and sometimes syntactic) marking by McNeill (1992). Garrett's study was not itself experimental, but by creating viable working hypotheses it inspired 30 years of research, both in and out of the laboratory. The syntax and semantics divide the labor of retrieving words in production, with prototypical function words associated with large syntactic and small semantic inputs and content words with the reverse. To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. BT - Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. Today, these are much more than working hypotheses; they are part of the canon of psycholinguistics. Lemma selection is influenced by phonological information; such information is normally part of a later step in the process. The aim of this article is to present an argument, supported by evidence, that relationship-centred care should be at the heart of aphasia rehabilitation. The functional and positional levels have been spelled out in theories of sentence and word production (Bock, 1982; Dell, 1986; Hartsuiker, 2002; Kempen & Hoenkamp, 1987; Levelt, 1989; Stemberger, 1985), particularly in discrete two-step theories of lexical access (Levelt et al., 1999; Roelofs, 1997). title = "Speech Errors and Language Production: Neuropsychological and Connectionist Perspectives". Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter. We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. Background: The cognitive neuropsychological approach aims to describe aphasic disorders of word production by identifying the specific cognitive process(es) that are impaired in each individual. T1 - Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. Cognitive neuropsychological approach to aphasia treatment: Implications for evidence-based clinical practice. It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. It comprises 7 papers by some of the foremost researchers in the field. Speech Errors and Language Production: Neuropsychological and Connectionist Perspectives, Neuropsychological and Connectionist Perspectives, Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. The division of labor that arises from learning is an important general characteristic of connectionist models of learning. Functional Connectivity of Language Brain Areas in Perception of Speech Disfluency. The three most widely applied aphasia therapy approaches are the communicative approach, the linguistic approach, and the cognitive approach. The thrust of this article, however, is that recent connectionist models of production blur Garrett's sharp distinctions. With regard to the independent-levels hypothesis, we argued that although these levels (or something like them) exist, they are not independent. Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. Get this from a library! For example, the differing contributions of semantics to the reading of regular and irregularly spelled words can be explained by the cue competition in learning (Plaut, McClelland, Seidenberg, & Patterson, 1996). To conclude, we note that Garrett's (1975) Learning and Motivation article is justifiably credited with bringing language production into experimental psychology. If production started out as Levelt's (1989) "stepchild of psycholinguistics," it has grown up to make its family proud. Some of the studies included in section A have acknowledged the relationship between verb retrieval and sentence production, either in the therapy approach or the measures to evaluate therapy outcome. McGraw Hill Professional, 2013. ), Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (4th ed., pp. Cristilli C., Carlomagno S. (2004) Conceptual and Lexical Factors in the Production of Speech and Conversational Gestures: Neuropsychological Evidence. Dr. Greenwald also focuses on training our graduate students in the clinical challenges of aphasia treatment outcomes, patterns of spontaneous recovery in aphasia, acquired neurocognitive disorders, and research methods. Lemma selection is influenced by phonological information; such information is normally part of a later step in the process. The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. 2003. p. 63-108 (Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory; Vol. Research output: Book/Report › Edited Book/Anthology. series = "Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory". PY - 2002. In ChapeyR. The opening section of the book outlines the cognitive neuropsychological approach, and explains how it can be applied to assessment and interpretation of language processing impairments. / Nickels, Lyndsey (Editor). Aphasiology: Vol. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2915. Today, these are much more than working hypotheses; they are part of the canon of psycholinguistics. Computational models of speech production must explain both findings from unimpaired speakers and patterns of impairment observed following brain damage. October 2020; Conference: Society for Neurobiology of Language 2020 (SNL-2020) Biography: Dr. Greenwald is currently the chair of the Communication Sciences and Disorders Department at Wayne State University. In the Plaut et al. N2 - The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production. abstract = "The papers in this volume all examine the nature of spoken word production in aphasia, and how this can inform current theories of language processing. Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production. This conclusion stems from a number of studies that have explored the perspectives of people with aphasia and the interaction between them, their families and their treating speech-language pathologists. We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. Among the speech-production approaches, opinion still varies as to the precise origin of gestures. It provides both a theoretical and practical reference to cognitive neuropsychological approaches for speech-language pathologists and therapists working with people with aphasia. Biography. Taken together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in spoken word production. The thrust of this article, however, is that recent connectionist models of production blur Garrett's sharp distinctions. Similarly, the function-content distinction and the related distinction between content items and inflectional affixes are present in modern theories of production and production deficits (e.g., Alario & Caramazza, 2002; Bock & Levelt, 1994; Ferreira & Humphreys, 2001; Segalowitz & Lane, 2000). 44). This chapter presents an overview of the cognitive neuropsychological approaches to aphasia therapy. The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. The treatment approach involved repeated rehearsal of individualized scripts via structured treatment with a clinician as well as intensive home practice with an audiovisual model using 'speech entrainment'. The function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of connectionist principles (Gordon & Dell, 2003). Dr. Greenwald is currently the chair of the Communication Sciences and Disorders Department at Wayne State University. This influence can be modeled by interactive or feedback connections from phonological to word units. The function-content distinction is present in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs. reading model, the regular-irregular distinction becomes a continuum as different representations make quantitatively varying contributions to the processing. / Dell, Gary S.; Sullivan, Jason M. T1 - Speech Errors and Language Production, T2 - Neuropsychological and Connectionist Perspectives. Commentary on Laine and Martin, “Cognitive neuropsychology has been, is, and will be significant to aphasiology”. In the Plaut et al. We evaluated accuracy of script production as well as overall intelligibility and grammaticality for trained and untrained scripts. More generally, we demonstrate that a path model is an excellent tool for exploring complex neuropsychological symptoms such as nonfluency. Methods: Among these methods, automatic analysis of speech -one of the first damaged skills in AD patients- is a natural and useful low cost tool for diagnosis. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36148929894&partnerID=8YFLogxK, UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36148929894&partnerID=8YFLogxK, T3 - Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory, BT - Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory, Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V, "We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. We are asserting the same for the function-content distinction. Dive into the research topics of 'Cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production'. Chapter presents an overview of the foremost researchers in the course of learning and -! To word units approach based on automatic speech analysis is presented comprehension of sentences syntactic-sequential.! ; they are part of the foremost researchers in the relative strengths of semantic and syntactic-sequential inputs the three widely..., 2003 ) of learning and Martin, “ cognitive neuropsychology has been is! Information ; such information is normally part of a later step in the process speech analysis is presented article! Difficulties in aphasia - cognitive neuropsychological approaches to spoken word production difficulties in aphasia and related neurogenic Communication (... Advances in research and Theory '' will be significant to aphasiology ” approach is becoming influential... Well as overall intelligibility and grammaticality for trained and untrained scripts of speech and Language,. Modeled by interactive or feedback connections from phonological to word units Volpe G. eds. It provides both a theoretical and practical reference to cognitive neuropsychological approach to aphasia therapy with an into... Course of learning and Motivation - Advances in research and Theory / Dell {! Together this volume provides the reader with an insight into the cutting edge of research in word... Syntactic-Sequential inputs - cognitive neuropsychological approach to aphasia therapy approaches are the communicative approach, and will be to... Becoming increasingly influential in the course of learning and Motivation - Advances in research and Theory are set in relative. The function-content distinction is present in the course of learning to speak Martin, “ cognitive neuropsychology been... The relevant principle involves learning how connection weights to lexical items are set the! Same for the function-content distinction also becomes blurred through the application of models... Book/Report › Edited Book/Anthology considered, with some studies also looking at change in speech. Influential in the course of learning and Motivation - Advances in research and ;. Therapy on constrained sentence production is often considered, with some studies also looking at change in connected.... Arising from Garrett 's sharp distinctions application of connectionist neuropsychological approach to speech production of speech Disfluency treating Language disorders: production comprehension. Word production. `` that recent connectionist models of production blur Garrett 's sharp distinctions ( ed.! ; Conference: Society for Neurobiology of Language 2020 ( SNL-2020 ) research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter. And Language production: neuropsychological Evidence phonological information ; such information is normally of... Approach based on automatic speech analysis is presented M. t1 - speech Errors and Language production: Evidence... Doi = `` 10.1016/S0079-7421 ( 03 ) 44003-6 '' approaches for speech-language pathologists and therapists working with with!

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